The city of Barcelona is famous for its buildings and is recognized as one of the world’s capitals of architecture. Most of the buildings in the capital of Catalonia are true works of art, encompassing many different styles, due to the great cultural diversity, of which Catalan modernism stands out.
This is why Barcelona is one of the tourist destinations with the greatest architectural wealth in Spain. Some of the most recognized buildings in the city are very innovative and modern, and others are ancient and have a great history.
If you are an architecture lover, you cannot miss the buildings mentioned below when you visit the city. Whether you are on vacation or attending a spanish language school Barcelona, you must take a tour of the following buildings in the town, as they are imposing and beautiful.
Barcelona is a vibrant city on a cultural level and offers an immense variety of attractions to visit. People from all over the world travel to see this city and its emblematic buildings. In this article, we will mention the most beautiful buildings you should visit if you find yourself on vacation or taking a spanish course Barcelona.
La Sagrada Familia
We will start the list with one of the most prominent buildings; we will talk about the famous Barcelona church “La Sagrada Familia”.
It is an impressive work of art created by Antoni Gaudí in 1882, but it has not yet been finished. Gaudí died in 1926 without completing this project, but leaving the plans and the necessary instructions to finish it. The construction continued its course little by little, and it is estimated that it will be complete by the year 2026.
It is one of the tallest churches in the world. It has three facades, and each of them represents the birth, passion, and death of Jesus. Inside, the columns recreate nature, simulating a giant, colorful forest that seems to come out of a fantasy story.
It is another Gaudí masterpiece. It is one of the most attractive houses on the block due to its color, particular style, and beauty, decorated with ceramic and glass pieces. It is located in the city’s center; therefore, it becomes impossible not to visit it.
It was commissioned in 1904 by the businessman Josep Batlló, who asked Gaudí to transform the old building that was located there. Gaudí modified the structure and transformed it into a work of art that symbolizes the battle of Sant Jordi (Patron Saint of Catalonia) against the dragon.
The back of the dragon is represented on the roof by tiles in the form of scales of various colors, which are crossed by a cross that simulates the sword of Sant Jordi.
Casa Batlló was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.
Another work of Gaudí was revolutionary for his time. It is also known as Casa Milà, and it is a building with very sinuous curves, irregular architectural forms, and a decoration that represents, once again, nature.
The most particular aspect of this building is the roof. It carries a tremendous artistic and symbolic force because its chimneys represent warriors that seem to form a great army of stone.
Located in the historic center is the imposing Cathedral of Barcelona, which has eight centuries of history since it was built between the 13th and 15th centuries.
This building was built on an old Romanesque cathedral and is one of the clearest examples of the Catalan Gothic style.
The facade was completed at the end of the 19th century; this neoclassical church hides many curiosities, such as the 13 sculptures of geese found inside the cloister (recalling the martyrdom suffered by Santa Eulalia for refusing to renounce the Christian faith), the 21 bells with a woman’s name, and the 200 gargoyles They watch from above.
Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar
It is located in the Born neighborhood and is considered one of the greatest examples of Catalan Gothic architecture due to its austere but elegant facade, beautiful bare stone surface, and immense columns.
It is one of the most emblematic buildings in Barcelona, which was built between 1329 and 1383. The famous novel “The Cathedral of the Sea” was inspired by this basilica.
It is one of the most important and renowned opera houses globally. It was inaugurated in 1847, the most important works and the most renowned artists such as María Callas, Enrico Caruso, Luciano Pavarotti, and José Carreras Montserrat Caballé have been presented there.
The building itself is an architectural work of art, with unparalleled beauty that you cannot miss! The theater has suffered several fires throughout its history and even an attack, but it has always managed to rise from its ashes. Its last reconstruction led to specific technical improvements. Still, it always maintained its essence and original style, thus becoming a cultural symbol of the city and the theater with the largest capacity in Europe.
The Palace of Catalan Music
It is one of the unique concert halls globally and has unparalleled acoustics. It was built between 1905 and 1908 under the architect Lluís Domènech I Montaner’s direction and has become one of the greatest exponents of Catalan modernism.
The building consists of a central metallic structure, which is covered with glass—designed so that the building becomes a magical space when it receives sunlight, like a music box, where sculpture, mosaic, stained glass, and forging are combined. When visiting it, you can see the sculptures and mosaics made in honor of the great composers, such as Beethoven or Wagner.
The National Palace
It is one of the most beautiful and emblematic buildings in Barcelona. It was built between 1926 and 1929 by the architects Enric Catà and Eugenio Cendoya. Inside this building is located the National Art Museum of Catalonia since 1934.