For a competent design of an irrigation system and adequate plant watering, it is important to take into account the rates of watering plants and their needs. Watering rates greatly vary for different plants, soils, and climates. New lawns should be kept moist, while newly replanted shrubs should be watered daily or every other day. When it comes to rooted plants, they require more intense but less frequent watering.
It is recommended to water plants with settled water from a container that has a temperature comfortable for them. Use the 50ft garden hose https://tbi-store.com/products/tbi-pro-garden-hose-expandable-set-50ft-superior-strength-3750d-4-layers-latex-extra-strong-brass-connectors-10-way-durable-zinc-water-spray-nozzle-2-way-pocket-flexible-splitter-50-feet for this purpose. It is better to water plants early in the morning when the wind is light and the water pressure is strong. On top of that, watering in the morning will also reduce evaporation. When it comes to hot-day watering, the procedure can cause leaf burns. The absence of direct sunlight will eliminate the lens effect and therefore will not damage the plants.
Watering in the evening is not recommended at all. The likelihood of plant diseases on lawns is higher with prolonged moisture, especially in summer at night. To ensure adequate watering, activate your system manually every week to ensure that it functions properly. Clean spray arms to ensure they perform well. Do not turn on multiple zones at the same time if the system does not provide it.
There are various systems that automatically irrigate the garden using a timer and/or computer. With such a system, you can provide water, for example, for vegetables, at any time being scheduled. The system is installed between the water supply and the hose. Water enters the plants in the flower bed or in the pot through the dropper nozzles. You can also keep the drip nozzles in the flower bed and shorten the irrigation time. There is no right or wrong. Choose an option that works best for you.
A lot of water may be needed for the irrigation of large areas. However, there is a couple of hacks for you. By following these simple methods, you will save on irrigation water:
Collection of rainwater.
Mulching reduces evaporation and prevents the soil from drying out in the sun.
After watering, loosen the soil in the garden bed. In loose soil, small channels (capillaries) are not formed; thus, water evaporates from bottom to top. Loosening destroys these capillaries, allowing water to remain in the soil.
Water plants at long intervals (for example, once a week) but intensively. The water should saturate the soil by at least 15cm. Frequent irrigation with small amounts of water will keep the roots in the topsoil. Therefore, a plant will be vulnerable to drought and different diseases.
Due to a lack of water in the soil, plant development slows down or even stops. Therefore, the adequate watering of the garden and individual plants is very important. Whether you are using a modern irrigation system or watering plants in an old-fashioned way, it is important to understand how often, when, and what plants to water not to waste time, water, and effort.