In a press release regarding heat safety from the Livingston County Department of Health, they offer education and information surrounding heat related illnesses:
The elderly and the very young are more likely to be affected by the heat. Heat-related illnesses can be very serious and even result in death. Muscle cramping is usually the first sign of heat-related illnesses (heat exhaustion or heat stroke). Symptoms of heat exhaustion include nausea, vomiting, cold/pale/clammy skin, heavy sweating, fast and weak pulse and weakness or fainting. Victims of this illness should be moved to a cool place, be cooled using any method available such as ice packs, cool wet cloths or by applying water to the body, and sip on water. If a victim is continuously vomiting or loses consciousness, call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number immediately. Symptoms of heat stroke include hot body temperature, hot/red/dry/moist skin, rapid and strong pulse and possible unconsciousness. Victims of this illness should be treated in the same ways as those with heat exhaustion but do not give fluids. Also, 9-1-1 should be immediately called, as heat stroke is a medical emergency.
Tips to beat the heat and stay safe during the summer months include:
-Dress for the heat. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. It is also a good idea to wear hats or to use an umbrella. It’s also important to wear sunscreen to prevent sunburn and to protect against skin cancer.
-Drink water. Carry water with you and drink it continuously even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid alcohol and caffeine, which dehydrate the body.
-Eat small meals and eat more often.
-Slow down. Avoid strenuous activity. If you must do strenuous activity, do it during the coolest part of
the day, which is usually in the morning between 4 a.m. and 7 a.m. If you must be outdoors, try to limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours. Try to rest often in shady areas so that your body’s thermostat will have a chance to recover.
-Stay indoors when possible. If air conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine.
-Stay informed. Check the local news for extreme heat alerts and safety tips. Learn the symptoms of heat illness and check on those who are most at risk.
For more information on heat safety please call the Livingston County Department of Health at (585) 243- 7299 or visit www.livingstoncounty.us/doh.htm.