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Home » Valentine's Day » Comptroller says sales tax collection declined by $1.8B overall

Comptroller says sales tax collection declined by $1.8B overall

A report released this month by Comptroller Tom DiNapoli’s office indicated that local government sales tax collections declined by upwards of 10% overall in 2020.

That equates to $1.8 billion. The decline was steeper than the drop during the Great Recession, when local sales tax collections fell 6 percent statewide in 2009 compared to 2008.

“This report shows how deeply the COVID-19 pandemic cut into municipal finances,” DiNapoli said. “Local governments depend heavily on sales taxes as a major source of revenue, but as New Yorkers stayed home and bought less in their communities during the pandemic it created significant shortfalls. New York’s localities need federal aid to help get through this crisis.”


Before the COVID-19 pandemic swept through the state in March 2020, collections had grown by 4.6 percent during the first quarter (January through March) over the same period in 2019. But local tax collections plummeted by 27.1 percent during the second quarter (April-June) compared to the second quarter in 2019.

State-mandated closure of non-essential businesses in late March led to a spike in unemployment and a sharp decline in retail and food services sales in the months to follow.

The third quarter (July through September) and fourth quarter (October through December) continued to experience decreases — although less steep — at 9.5 percent and 7 percent, respectively. This was likely due, in large part, to the reopening of many non-essential businesses in June, although some restrictions were still in place. Collections increased outside of New York City in the third and fourth quarters, compared to the same time period in 2019.

The pandemic also caused a dramatic shift in consumer spending during the spring and summer months. One change was the significant increase in online purchases. The state’s recent ability to tax sales made by smaller out-of-state sellers to New York residents —  referred to as “marketplace and nexus vendors” — bolstered sales tax collections.

DiNapoli’s report also found:

  • County sales tax collections decreased by 0.9 percent (outside of New York City) in 2020 compared to those in 2019.
  • Delaware County had the largest year-over-year increase at 10.7 percent, followed by Oswego (10.5 percent) and Westchester (9.8 percent) counties.
  • Statewide, the “restaurants and other eating places,” “traveler accommodation,” and “clothing stores” industry groups each experienced steep decreases in year-over-year taxable sales, with the biggest hits in March-May, although sales improved slightly in the June to August period as certain COVID-related restrictions were lifted.
  • The pandemic bolstered spending in other industry groups, such as “beer, wine, and liquor stores” and “other information services.” This was especially true for “electronic shopping and mail-order houses,” which includes major online-only retailers, such as Amazon.
  • Recent amendments to the tax law also reduced the amount of statewide county sales tax collections paid to counties. Both AIM-related payments to towns and villages, and deposits into the Distressed Provider Assistance Account are funded through withholdings from county sales tax collections.

Report
Local Sales Tax Collections Decline by 10 Percent in 2020, With Major Shifts in Consumer Spending

Regional Table
Monthly Local Sales Tax Collections by Region